To lecture the theories of heat generation and cooling in nuclear fission and fusion reactors based on thermal-hydraulics, and to lecture the energy conversion theory from the heat to power based on thermodynamics.
The purpose of the course is to let students to get the thermal-hydraulics theories necessary for thermal design and safety of fission and fusion nuclear reactors.
Students have the ability of theoretical calculations and/or qualitative explanation on the following items: (1) Generation of heat in nuclear reactor, (2) Heat conduction in fuel elements of nuclear reactors, (3) Single-phase flow cooling of nuclear reactors, (4) Phase changes of reactor coolants, (5) Boiling two-phase flow cooling of nuclear reactors, (6) Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to nuclear reactor safety, (7) Energy conversion from heat to power in nuclear reactor
Fission reaction, Fusion reaction, Nuclear reactor, Blanket, Cooling, Heat conduction, Convective heat transfer, Boiling, Condensation, Two-phase flow, Thermal cycle
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
The instructor will give a lecture and a quiz in every class, and will return the evaluated quiz to students in the following class.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Generation of heat (1) Heat generation of fission and fusion reactions||Calculation of heat generation due to mass defect|
|Class 2||Generation of heat (2) Heat generation in coolant, structural and shield materials and decay heat||Calculation of decay heat|
|Class 3||Heat conduction (1) Temperature distribution in fuel element||Calculation of temperature difference between center and surface in fuel element|
|Class 4||Heat conduction (2) Temperature distributions in fuel cladding, structural materials and first wall||Calculation of temperature distribution in thermal shield|
|Class 5||Single-phase flow cooling (1) Temperature on surface of fuel element (convective and radiation heat transfer)||Calculation of temperature at the surface of fuel element|
|Class 6||Single-phase flow cooling (2) Multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulics in plenum||Study on derivation of conservation equations for thermal-hydraulic analysis|
|Class 7||Single-phase flow cooling (3) Turbulence phenomena and analytical models||Study on derivation of the equations of turbulent models|
|Class 8||Phase changes of coolant (1) Pool boiling heat transfer and critical heat flux||Explanation of boiling curve|
|Class 9||Phase changes of coolant (2) Condensation heat transfer (film, dropwise and direct contact condensations)||Explanation about the importance of condensation in nuclear reactor system|
|Class 10||Boiling two-phase flow cooling (1) Gas-liquid two-phase flow (flow regime, two-phase flow theory)||Explanation about the flow regime of two-phase flows|
|Class 11||Boiling two-phase flow cooling (2) Boiling two-phase flow (heat transfer, steam quality, critical heat flux)||Calculation of steam quality in boiling two-phase flow|
|Class 12||Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to reactor safety (1) Thermal stratification, thermal shock, thermal fatigue, gas entrainment, steam-liquid droplet separation||Explanation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena dealt with in lecture|
|Class 13||Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to reactor safety (2) Cavitation, droplet flow, reflooding, two-phase critical flow, vapor explosion||Explanation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena dealt with in lecture|
|Class 14||Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to reactor safety (3) Chugging, two-phase flow instabilities||Explanation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena dealt with in lecture|
|Class 15||Energy conversion from heat to power in nuclear reactor (steam and gas turbine cycles, thermal efficiencies)||Calculation of the thermal efficiency of thermal cycle in nuclear reactor|
Text can be supplied form the lecturers.
S. Glasstone & A. Sesonske, Nuclear reactor Engineering (4th ed.), Chapman & Hall
 R. Byron Bird, et al., Transport Phenomena (2nd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
 H. Schlichting & K. Gersten, Boundary Layer Theory (8th ed.), Springer
Report of given subjects or examination
It is to be desired for students to have studied thermodynamics, fluid engineering, heat transfer and thermal engineering,
Prof. Yukitaka Kato：yukitaka[at]lane.iir.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-2967
Associate Prof. Hiroshige Kikura：kikura[at]nr.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-3058
Associate Prof. Masatoshi Kondo:kondo.masatoshi[at]lane.iir.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-3065