2016 Laser and Particle‐Beam Technology and Its Medical Applications

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Nuclear Engineering
Instructor(s)
Oguri Yoshiyuki  Akatsuka Hiroshi  Hayashizaki Noriyosu 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Mode of instruction
 
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue1-2(原講571, North No.2, 5F-571)  Fri1-2(原講571, North No.2, 5F-571)  
Group
-
Course number
NCL.A401
Credits
2
Academic year
2016
Offered quarter
1Q
Syllabus updated
2016/4/27
Lecture notes updated
2016/4/4
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

In the first five classes, we discuss the basics and applications of the laser. The instructor will explain the principles of the theory of stimulated emission of radiation and the optical resonator that are indispensable to generation of laser light, followed by explanation of working principles of various types of lasers, system configuration and control technology. Finally the instructor introduces applications in various engineering and medical fields.
Classes 6-11 are designed to give the students knowledge about the general theory of particle accelerators as a generator of charged particle beams. Discussion on the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic field is followed by explanations on the principles of electron accelerators and examples of their application to science and technology as well as medical application.
Classes 12-15 focus on ion beams. After explaining principles of ion sources and various types of accelerators, present status of engineering and medical application of ion beams is introduced in detail.

Student learning outcomes

Upon completing this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the basics and applications of the laser, the principles of the theory of stimulated emission of radiation and the optical resonator that are indispensable to generation of laser light, working principle of various types of lasers, system configuration and control technology of lasers.
2) Understand the basic physics of accelerators including particle motion in electromagnetic fields and charge exchange of particles, and explain accelerator technologies related to electron guns, ion sources, high-voltage generators which are used to produce high energy charged particle beams.
3) Explain application of these quantum beams in science and technology as well as medical treatment and diagnostics.

Keywords

Laser, stimulated emission, optical resonator, particle accelerator, electron beam, ion beam, quantum beam, engineering application, medical application

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Attendance is taken in every class.
Students must familiarize themselves with topics described in the required learning section before coming to the class.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Fundamentals of lasers and stimulated emission of radiation Students shall understand physical meaning of population inversion and stimulated emission of radiation.
Class 2 Optical resonator theory Students shall derive the wave equations of electromagnetic propagation and understand the optical resonator theory.
Class 3 Dynamics of laser system and its control Students shall understand analysis of rate equations to describe 4-level and 3-level lasers, and time-dependent problem of pulsed lasers.
Class 4 Various types of lasers and their applications to engineering Students shall understand various types of lasers and their applications to engineering.
Class 5 Medical applications of lasers Students shall understand medical applications of lasers.
Class 6 Fundamental principles and types of particle accelerators Understand the difference between electrostatic acceleration and RF acceleration, and the difference in accelerator structure corresponding to species of particle.
Class 7 RF cavity and beam acceleration Understand the principles and importance of an RF cavity in high-energy beam acceleration.
Class 8 Beam dynamics Understand particle motion in accelerator and effects of typical magnets.
Class 9 Principles of electron acclerators Understand operational principles of electron accelerators (linac, microtron, betatron and synchrotron).
Class 10 Principles of electron-gun and RF source Understand operational principles of electron-guns, klystrons and magnetrons.
Class 11 Medical and industrial applications of electron accelerators Understand medical and industrial applications of electron accelerators.
Class 12 Ion sources and charge exchange of ions Explain principles and structures of various types of ion sources, and control of ion charge state by ion-matter interaction.
Class 13 Operational principle of ion accelerators Explain operational principles and structures of various types of ion accelerators.
Class 14 Engineering application of ion accelerators Explain engineering application of ion accelerators, such as materials modification, materials analysis and fabrication of semiconductor devices.
Class 15 Medical application of ion accelerators Explain medical application of ion accelerators such as cancer radiotherapy and production of radioisotopes for medical diagnostics.

Textbook(s)

None required.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Course materials are provided during class when needed.
Reference books:
Amnon Yariv, "Introduction to Optical Electronics"(2nd edition), Holt McDougal, ISBN-13: 978-0-0308-9892-1 (1977).
John J. Livingood, "Principles of Cyclic Particle Accelerators", D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., ISBN-13: 978-0-4420-4822-8 (1961).
Stanley Humphries, Jr., "Charged Particle Beams", John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-0-4716-0014-5 (1990).

Assessment criteria and methods

Assessment is based on the quality of the written reports and answers to quizzes given at the end of sessions.

Related courses

  • NCL.N401 : Basic Nuclear Physics

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

To have mastered mathematics, classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, electromagnetics and statistical thermodynamics of undergraduate level.

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