[Summary of the course] In this course, students will learn aspects of solid state chemistry, including the arrangement of defects in crystal structures, the electronic structures of insulators and metals, the principles of magnetism and conductivity, and the basic principles of semiconductor devices.
[Aim of the course] A part of materials science and solid state chemistry have been historically developed for understanding various properties of solids from the viewpoint of physics and chemistry, respectively. For the students who studied Inorganic Chemistry (Materials Science), it is possible to associate the physical properties of solids with the chemical properties of the atoms and molecules by learning the chemical properties of solids. Then, by knowing examples of certain physical properties used as the functions in the telecommunication and energy creation processes, they develop ability to create useful materials from the atoms and molecules. In this course, students first learn typical physical properties and functions of the inorganic compounds. Then, they learn synthesis techniques and specific properties of nanostructures. Finally, they learn chemistry of the lanthanides and actinides, especially their ionic nature, to further study advanced inorganic chemistry.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) explain that the physical properties and functions of simple ionic solids and functions are derived from the intrinsic crystal structure and electron state of the materials, with reference to basic knowledge about the nature of elements and chemical bonding.
2) explain synthesis techniques, certain properties, and device functions of nanomaterials.
3) explain the chemical nature of the lanthanides and actinides.
4) discuss the principles of certain functions that work during the telecommunication and energy creation processes
Defects, nonstoichiometry, solid solutions, transition-metal oxides, magnetism, electrical conduction, superconductors, semiconductors, complex oxides, nanotechnology, bottom-up, top-down, quantum confinement, superlattices, transistors, light-emitting diodes, f-block elements, lanthanides, actinides
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This course will proceed in the following order: (1) defect chemistry, (2) magnetism, (3) electrical conduction, (4) lanthanides and actinides, (5) nanomaterials. In the last day, exercise problems and interpretation of the answers will be given to assess the students’ level of understanding.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Introduction to solid state chemistry||Explain the course objectives.|
|Class 2||Crystal structures of solids (1)||Understand the type and description methods of crystal structure, and represent a variety of crystal structure.|
|Class 3||Crystal structures of solids (2)||Understand the classification of some ionic solids and determine the bonding scheme and coordination number of them.|
|Class 4||Thermodynamic properties of ionic solids||Explain bond strength and thermal stability of ionic solids.|
|Class 5||Defect chemistry||Explain types and structures of the defects in solids.|
|Class 6||Electronic states of ionic solids||Explain that the physical properties and functions of simple ionic solids and functions is derived from the intrinsic crystal structure and electron state of the materials, with reference to basic knowledge about the nature of elements and chemical bonding.|
|Class 7||Electrical conduction||Explain the origin and principles of the electrical conduction (metallic conduction, semiconducting, superconducting).|
|Class 8||Redox reactions||Using Ellingham diagram, explain the features of the redox reaction in the environment.|
|Class 9||Magnetisms and magnetic interactions||Explain types of magnetism and magnetic interactions in the transition-metal oxides with the characteristic spin configurations.|
|Class 10||Physical properties of solids||Explain characteristic physical properties such as ferromagnetism and ferroelectric along with the properties of the atoms.|
|Class 11||Chemistry of the lanthanides and actinides||Explain the ionic nature of the lanthanides and actinides.|
|Class 12||Nanomaterials and their properties||Explain synthesis techniques based on bottom-up and top-down approaches.|
|Class 13||Nanostructures and devices||Explain physical properties and device functions specific to nanomaterials.|
|Class 14||Nanoscale characterization techniques||Explain principles and features of the nanoscale characterization techniques.|
|Class 15||Exercise problems to assess the students’ level of understanding and interpretation of the answers||Use the exercise problems to better understand the topics covered, and evaluate one’s own progress.|
P. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller, F. Armstrong, "Inorganic Chemistry", 5th Ed., Oxford University Press; ISBN: 978-0199236176.
R. J. D. Tilley, "Understanding Solids: The Science of Materials", 2nd Ed., Wiley; ISBN: 978-1-118-42328-8.
The other course materials are provided during class and uploaded on OCW-i.
Students will be assessed on their achievements of learning outcomes based on final exam (90%) and exercise problems (10%).
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses (Inorganic Chemistry I, etc) is desirable. Nevetheless, the students in this course cannot take Inorganic Chemistry (Solid State Chemistry) (CAP.A275) and Inorganic Chemistry (Materials Science) (CAP.B223-2), whose contents overlap with that of this course.
Akira Ohtomo: aohtomo[at]apc.titech.ac.jp
Taro hitosugi: hitosugi.t.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp