This course deals with the physics of gas and dust evolution in protoplanetary disks. Protoplanetary disks are gas disks surrounding young stars, and the solids in the disks are the building blocks of planets and other solid bodies. We will learn how micron-sized dust particles form kilometer-sized solid bodies called planetesimals.
1) Understand the physical processes governing the evolution of gas and dust in protoplanetary disks, including the solar nebula
2) Become familiar with order-of-magnitude estimates --- how to understand physics underlying complex phenomena
planet formation, protoplanetary disks, planetesimals, dust
|✔ 専門力||教養力||✔ コミュニケーション力||✔ 展開力(探究力又は設定力)||✔ 展開力(実践力又は解決力)|
Lectures will be given in the first half of the course. In the second half, some studies on thermal evolution of dust particles in the solar nebula are shown as examples of real researches in this field. The second half will be given by NAKAMOTO.
|第1回||Introduction||Understand the basic concepts of protoplanetary disks and planetesimals|
|第2回||Protoplanetary disks #1: Structure||Understand the structure of disks around young stars|
|第3回||Protoplanetary disks #2: Dynamics||Understand how protoplanetary disks evolves|
|第4回||Particle motion in protoplanetary disks||Understand how dust particles move in gas disks|
|第5回||Dust aggregates||Understand how small grains stick together and form macroscopic bodies|
|第6回||Planetesimal formation||Understand how micron-sized dust grains form (and do not form) kilometer-sized solid bodies|
|第7回||Snow lines||Understand the concept of snow lines and how they affect planet formation|
|第8回||Case Study 1: Chondrule #1 --- Observed Properties||Understand the observed properties of chondrules.|
|第9回||Case Study 1: Chondrule #2 --- Shock Wave Heating Model||Evaluate the shock wave heating model as a chondrule formation theory.|
|第10回||Case Study 1: Chondrule #3 --- Asteroid Collision Model||Evaluate the asteroid collision model as a chondrule formation theory.|
|第11回||Case Study 1: Chondrule #4 --- Lightning Model||Evaluate the lightning model as a chondrule formation theory.|
|第12回||Case Study 1: Chondrule #5 --- X-Wind Model||Evaluate the X-wind model as a chondrule formation theory.|
|第13回||Case Study 2: Crystalline Silicate --- Observations and Theories||Understand the study of crystalline sillicate and evaluate models.|
|第14回||Case Study 3: CAI --- Observations and Theories||Understand the study of CAI and evaluate models.|
Handouts will be provided
Grades will be based on in-class discussion and reports.
Basic knowledge of physics, astronomy, and the solar system