2019 Advanced Earth and Space Sciences I

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Earth and Planetary Sciences
Instructor(s)
Ishikawa Akira  Ueno Yuichiro  Ohta Kenji 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue3-4(石実1-103, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2, (Laboratory Bldg.)103 room)  Fri3-4(石実1-103, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2, (Laboratory Bldg.)103 room)  
Group
-
Course number
EPS.A426
Credits
2
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2019/3/18
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

For decoding the evolution of solid Earth over its 4.55 billion year history, it is quite important to learn how chemical differetiation proceed through igneous processes in the variety of tectonic settings on modern Earth. In this course, the basic knowledge about igneous processes, as the fundamental role on creating variety of igneous rocks, will be given with their geological occurrences, and the spatiotemporal variations of chemical differentiaion in solid Earth will be able to understand.

Student learning outcomes

Goals of this course are:
1) to understand basics of igneous petrology and solid Earth geochemistry
2) to understand the relationship between rock formation and chemial evolution of the solid Earth

Keywords

Igneous petrology, Solid Earth geochemistry, Magma, Crust, Mantle, Earth's evolution

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - - -

Class flow

First half: Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and prepare for the topics with handouts and references. The second half: students will make presentations regarding the topics given in the first half of classes.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Peirdotite: composition of the Earth's mantle Understanding of the Earth's mantle composition
Class 2 Basalt 1: igneous processes on mid-oceanic ridge Understanding of the role of parital melting and crystal fractionation on the formation and evolution of mid-oceanic ridge basalt
Class 3 Basalt 2: variations in island arc volcanism Understanding of magma generation and variation in subdcution zone
Class 4 Basalt 3: hotspots, flood basalts, mantle plume Understanding the role of mantle plume on the formation of intraplate volcanism
Class 5 Granite: classification of felsic magma and growth of continents Understanding of the continental crust formation and its secular change
Class 6 Eclogite: classification of metabasalt and orogeny Understanding of the variety of crust-mantle recycling
Class 7 Komatiite Understanding of the geological significance of komatiite
Class 8 Kimberlite and Archean craton Understanding of the geological significance of Archean craton
Class 9 Presentation 1 (mantle peridotite) Understanding of the current debate on the Earth's mantle composition
Class 10 Presentation 2 (mid-oceanic ridge basalts) Understanding of the current debate on the formation of mid-oceanic ridge basalts
Class 11 Presentation 3 (island arc volcanism) Understanding of the current debate on the magma generation over subdction zone
Class 12 Presentation 4 (mantle plume) Understanding of the current debate on the mantle plume hypothesis
Class 13 Presentation 5 (continental crust) Understanding of the current debate on the formation and growth of continental crust
Class 14 Presentation 6 (komatiite magma) Understanding of the current debate on the formation of komatiite magma
Class 15 Presentation 7 (tectosphere) Understanding of the current debate on the formation of tectosphere (cratonic mantle)

Textbook(s)

Paul C. Hess "Origins of Igneous Rocks" Harvard University Press

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Handouts will be provided during the class

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be assessed on their understanding of (1) the role of igneous processes for creating variability of rocks, and (2) what extent of solid Earth's history was revealed. Students' course scores are based on discussion during the class (30%) and group presentation (70%).

Related courses

  • EPS.A201 : Introduction to Material Sciences of Earth and Planet
  • EPS.A203 : Introduction to History of the Earth
  • EPS.A330 : Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry
  • EPS.A331 : Earth Materials
  • EPS.A336 : Dynamics of the Earth and Planet

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisites

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