2023 Introduction to Earth Sciences

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Earth and Planetary Sciences
Ohta Kenji  Nakajima Junichi 
Class Format
Lecture    (Face-to-face)
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon7-8(I3-107(I311))  Thr7-8(I3-107(I311))  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
Access Index

Course description and aims

Evolution of the Earth and planets is learned through geophysics and Earth material sciences.

Student learning outcomes

At the end of this course, students will acquire the basic knowledge to learn solid state Earth and planetary sciences.


Earth, plate, crust, mantle, core, tide, earthquake

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and prepare for the topics with handouts and references.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Structure of the Earth's interior and plate motion To learn the basis for understanding the Earth
Class 2 Plate motion To investigate the plate tectonics theory
Class 3 Magmatism (igneous rocks) To investigate the creation process of igneous rocks.
Class 4 Interaction between atmosphere, ocean, and solid Earth (sedimentary rocks) To investigate the creation process of sedimetary rocks.
Class 5 Collision of continents (metamorphic rocks)、Rocks at Moon and Mars To investigate the creation process of sedimetary rocks, and rocks found in Moon and Mars.
Class 6 Mantle rocks To investigate the rocks consisting the Earth's mantle.
Class 7 Materials in the Earth's core To investigate the materials in the Earth's core
Class 8 Evolution of the Earth-Moon system: Ocean tide To understand that the ocean tide is determined from the balance between the centrifugal and gravitational forces in the Earth-Moon system.
Class 9 Physics of plates To understand the cooling process of plates
Class 10 Mechanisms of subducting plates To understand the force balance of subducting plates
Class 11 Geophysical imaging of the Earth's interior To understand how to image the Earth's mantle
Class 12 Plate movement and deformation To understand the physics of deformation along plate boundaries
Class 13 Earthquakes and volcanoes in abduction zones To understand the causes of seismicity and volcanism in subduction zones
Class 14 Evaluate the level of understanding Evaluate the level of understanding

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.



Reference books, course materials, etc.

Materials necessary for the class will be given.

Assessment criteria and methods

Score is determined with tests and several reports on the subject related to the lecture.

Related courses

  • EPS.A202 : Introduction to Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • EPS.L202 : Laboratory in Earth and Planetary Sciences (petrology)
  • EPS.B201 : Mathematics for Physics A (EPS course)
  • EPS.B210 : Mathematics for Physics B (EPS course)
  • EPS.A332 : Volcanology
  • EPS.A331 : Earth Materials
  • EPS.L331 : Experiments in Earth Material Science
  • EPS.A336 : Dynamics of the Earth and Planet

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Physics and mathematics in the first grade should be understood.

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