2021 Biogeoscience

Font size  SML

Register update notification mail Add to favorite lecture list
Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Earth and Planetary Sciences
Instructor(s)
Ueno Yuichiro  Sekine Yasuhito 
Course component(s)
Lecture    (その他)
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue3-4(石川台2号館, 318, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2)  Fri3-4(石川台2号館, 318, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2)  
Group
-
Course number
EPS.A334
Credits
2
Academic year
2021
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2021/3/19
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

First half of this course focusses on physical and chemical environment in the atmosphere and oceans. Then, the basics of environmental microbiology will be examined for understanding interactions between the environmental and biological processes. Interim exam will be held for enhancing student's understanding. Latter half of this course focusses on global biogeochemical cycles, particularly for carbon. Evolution of Earth's biosphere in a geological time scale will be examined.

Student learning outcomes

The goal of this course is to understand environmental factors enabling the Earth habitable. First, this course will examine physical, chemical and biological processes in the atmosphere and oceans for understanding the present day biogeochemical cycling. Then, environmental changes in a geological time scale will be examined. Quantitative understanding is necessary to analyze material cycles through the interaction between environmental and biological processes and to understanding its evolution.

Keywords

Atmosphere, Ocean, Biosphere, Biogeochemical Cycle

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Summary slides and reference papers will be distributed at the end of each chapter. Student performance will be assessed by interim and final exams.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Introduction: Planetary Environment and Life Biogeochemical cycling
Class 2 Planetary Atmosphere 1 - Structure Total atmospheric pressure, Hypsometric equation
Class 3 Planetary Atmosphere 2 - Temperature Green house effect, convective adjustment
Class 4 Planetary Atmosphere 3 - Chemistry Photochemistry
Class 5 Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction Partitioning of volatiles between atmosphere and ocean
Class 6 Ocean Chemistry Equilibrium of carbonate system
Class 7 Biological Processes in the Ocean Biological Pump 
Class 8 Environmental Microbiology autotrophy, carbon and nitrogen fixation
Class 9 Thermodynamic Aspects of Microbiology Energy metabolism
Class 10 Interim Exam. Interim Exam.
Class 11 Biogeochemical Cycle 1 - Basics Residence tiime
Class 12 Biogeochemical Cycle 2 - Carbon cycle and Atmospheric O2 Great Oxidation Event (GOE)
Class 13 Biogeochemical Cycle 3 - Analysis of Environmental Evolution using Stable Isotopes 安定同位体地球化学 
Class 14 Biogeochemical Cycle 3 - Climate Faint Young Sun Paradox 
Class 15 Summary: Evolution of Biosphere Summary 

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.

Textbook(s)

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry Daniel Jacob (1999)

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Geochemistry, Sadao Matsuo
Biogeochemistry, Minagawa ed. (2005)

Assessment criteria and methods

Student performance will be assessed by interim and final exams.

Related courses

  • EPS.A203 : Introduction to History of the Earth

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

None

Page Top