This course will examine the history of the Earth and life. In the chapter "Hadean", origin of the planet and the formation of the atmosphere and ocean will be examined. In the chapter "Archean", record of Earth's early biological activities and basics of geology and tectonics will be examined. In the chapter "Proterozoic" onset of oxygenic photosynthesis, redox evolution, and continental growth will be examined. In the chapter "Phanerozoic", appearance of metazoan, mass extinction and climate change will be examined.
Understand the history of the Earth from the planet formation to present. Learn basic concepts of various geosciences for decoding Earth's history. Understand what is the evidence for several key hypothesis. Also, this course will provide information for choosing further specific research field in geosciences.
History of the Earth and Life
|✔ Specialist skills
|✔ Critical thinking skills
|Practical and/or problem-solving skills
Student should submit attendance report every time as well as final report at the end of this course.
|Introduction: Geologic Time Scale
|Understanding phenomena occurred in various geologic time scale.
|Hadean 1 - Planet Formation and Differentiation
|Understanding how the Earth formed and chemically differentiated into modern state.
|Hadean 2 - Primitive Atmosphere and Ocean
|Understand the initial state of the Earth's atmosphere and ocean.
|Hadean 3 - The Origin of Life
|Problems to understand origin of life on Earth.
|Archean 1 - The Oldest Rock Record
|Geology of the Earth's oldest rocks
|Archean 2 - Basics of Plate Tectonics
|Understanding the geological phenomena occurred at the three types of plate boundaries.
|Archean 3 - Early Earth's Environment
|Understand chemistry of atmosphere and ocean in the Archean.
|Archean 4 - Earth's Early Life
|Understand how to decode biological activities in the Archean based on geological record.
|Proterozoic 1 - Emergence of Photosynthesis and Eukaryote
|Learn when and how oxygenic photosynthesis and eukaryote emerged.
|Proterozoic 2 - Redox Evolution of Earth's Atmosphere and Oceans
|Learn how the atmosphere and ocean oxygenated.
|Proterozoic 3 - Continental Growth
|Understand solid Earth evolution.
|Proterozoic 4 - Snowball Earth
|Learn global scale change in environment.
|Phanerozoic 1 - Emergence of Metazoan
|Understand the biological evolution through Proterozoic/Phanerozoic transition.
|Phanerozoic 2 - Mass Extinctions
|Learn "Big Five" extinction events in Phanerozoic.
|Phanerozoic 3 - Climate Change
|Understanding the cause of climate change in Phanerozoic.
Geochemistry, Sadao Matsuo
Student performance will be assessed by attendance report every time (50%) and by final report (50%).