Materials in the universe, from stars to our bodies, are all composed of various elements. This course focuses on the understanding of the structure of atoms and the nature of elements that produced the diversity of materials constituting the earth and planets. The course also covers analytical techniques that provide useful geochemical data including classical and recent ones.
At the end of this course, students will be able to understand:
1) the fundamental knowledge about inroganic chemistry and analytical chemistry that are required for studying earth and planetary sciences
2) the structure of atoms and nature of elements
3) distribution of elements in various earth's materials
4) analytical techniques for geosciences
Atoms, Molecules, Nature of elements, Elemental abundances, Analytical chemistry
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and prepare for the topics with handouts and references.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Structure of neclei||Understanding of elements, atoms, and atomic mass|
|Class 2||Wave–particle duality||Understanding of black-body radiation and photoelectric effect|
|Class 3||Schrödinger equation||Derive Schrödinger equation for hydrogenic atom|
|Class 4||Atomic orbital||Understanding of electronic structure of atoms|
|Class 5||Electron configuration of multielectron atoms and periodic table||Understanding of the principle of the periodic table|
|Class 6||Atomic radius and ionization energy||Understanding of the electron configuration and the size of atoms|
|Class 7||Structure of molecules||Understanding of valence-bond theory and molecular orbital theory|
|Class 8||Hybrid orbital||Understanding of sigma-bond, pi-bond, and sp3, sp2, and sp hybrid orbitals|
|Class 9||Crystals||Understanding of Bravais lattices|
|Class 10||Geochemical classification of elements||Understanding of lithophile, siderophile, chalcophile, and atomosphile elements|
|Class 11||Distribution of elements||Understanding of partition coefficients|
|Class 12||Gravimetric analysis and volumetric analysis||Understanding of analytical techniques for gravimetric and volumetric analyses|
|Class 13||Chemical separation||Understanding of ion exchange chromatography and liquid-liquid extraction|
|Class 14||Spectroscopic analysis||Understanding of atomic absorption spectroscopy and atomic emission spectroscopy|
|Class 15||Mass spectrometry||Understanding of thermal ionization mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry|
Handouts will be provided during the class
P.W. Atkins "Atkins' Physical chemistry 10th edition" Oxford University Press
F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, P.L. Gaus, "Basic Inorganic chemistry, 3rd edition" Wiley
Y. Sano, Y. Takahashi "Geochemistry" Kyoritsu Shuppan (In Japanese)
Students will be assessed on their understanding of basic inorganic chemistry and analytical chemistry that are required for studying earth and planetary sciences.
Students' course scores are based on final exam (100%).