This course focuses on earthquakes, magmatism, thermal convection, material transportation, plate motion, and chemical reaction that are ongoing in the Earth.
Students will have the chance to tackle practical problems in the Earth by applying knowledge acquired through this course.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand global structures (seismic velocity, density, composition, temperature, rheology)
2) Understand global dynamics （plate motion, mantle convection, thermal evolution) and overview of actual phenomena
3) understand characteristics of seismic waves
4) understand source process of earthquakes
5) understand seismotectonics beneath Japan
Earth, Seismic wave, Elastic constant, attenuation, velocity model, fault, fault-plane solution, density, temperature, composition, convection system, volcanism, plate motion
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
The first 7 classes introduce large-scale structure and dynamics in the Earth (Lecturer is Prof. Iwamori), and subsequent 8 classes focus on seismic wave propagation and source process of earthquakes (Lecturer is Prof. Nakajima).
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Global structure （１）： seismic wave and layered structures||seismic wave propagation and its relation to Earth's properties|
|Class 2||Global structure （２）： density, momentum of inertia and material structures||gravitational compression, momentum of inertia, and phase transformation|
|Class 3||Global structure （３）： thermal structure||various methods and estimates on thermal structure|
|Class 4||Global structure （４）： rheological structure||rheology of rocks and its relation to global dynamics|
|Class 5||Global dynamics （１）： energy and motion of the Earth's interior||energy sources driving global dynamics|
|Class 6||Global dynamics （２）： seafloor spreading and plate motion||crustal heat flow (continent, ocean), seafloor spreading, and plate tectonics|
|Class 7||Global dynamics （３）： mantle convection and thermal evolution||mantle convection, and overview of global dymamics and evolution|
|Class 8||Seismology and theory of elasticity||Fundamental seismology and the theory of elasticity|
|Class 9||Fundamental nature of body waves||Characteristics of body waves derived from the theory of elasticity|
|Class 10||Fundamental nature of surface waves||Characteristics of surface waves derived from the theory of elasticity|
|Class 11||Propagation of seismic waves||Propagation of seismic waves|
|Class 12||Estimates of seismic velocity in the Earth||Theory of seismic tomography|
|Class 13||Hypocenter and fault movement||Hypocenter determination and fault movement|
|Class 14||Ground motion and magnitude of earthquakes||Size of earthquakes and scaling law|
|Class 15||Seismicity beneath Japan||Seismicity beneath Japan and its relation to tectonic condition|
Students' course scores are based on final exams and reports.