Advanced lectures dealing with chemical processes of volcanic phenomena as drastic emission of material and energy related to geophysical phenomena.
Acquisition of advanced knowledge for chemical characteristics and reaction of gas, liquid and solid associated with volcanic phenomena
geochemistry, volcanic chemistry, volcanic gas, volcanic eruption, disaster prevention
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Chemical reactions among gas, liquid, and solid phases at active volcanoes in the first half of the course. Thermal activity of active volcanoes in the latter half of the course.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Volcanic activity and the role of volatiles in magma||role of volatiles in magma and their chemical analysis|
|Class 2||Development process of hydrothermal system around volcanoes||Chemical reactions at hydrothermal system beneath volcanoes|
|Class 3||Rock alteration process under several conditions||chemical processes of rock alteration and alteration products|
|Class 4||Analysis of volcanic activity through volcanic ejecta-1||Analysis of volatile components in tephra|
|Class 5||Analysis of volcanic activity through volcanic ejecta-2||Role of volatile components on the eruptive activity|
|Class 6||Analysis of volcanic activity through volcanic ejecta-3||Degassing of volatile components on the eruptive activity（１）|
|Class 7||Analysis of volcanic activity through volcanic ejecta-4||Degassing of volatile components on the eruptive activity（２）|
|Class 8||Analysis of volcanic activity through volcanic ejecta-5||Degassing of volatile components on the eruptive activity（３）|
|Class 9||Thermal activities on volcanoes||An overview of thermal activities such as fumaroles, steaming grounds, crater lakes and hot springs|
|Class 10||Modeling of thermal phenomena on volcanoes||Explain geochemical and geophysical models of thermal phenomena|
|Class 11||Phreatic eurptions and hydrothermal systems||Explain roles of hydrothermal system in phreatic eruptions|
|Class 12||Observations of thermal activities on volcanoes||Explain observation techniques of heat fluxes on active volcanoes|
|Class 13||Monitoring volcanoes||Explain geochemical and geophysical monitorings of active volcanoes and hazard assessment of volcanoes|
|Class 14||Visit of national organizations concerning natural disaster prevention||Discuss volcanic hazard assessment and roles of volcanology|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Handouts will be distributed at the beginning of class when necessary
Tests and reports