There are various types of energy such as heat, chemical, electrical and nuclear energy and so on, and present human society is built upon the technologies of transportation and the usage of electrical energy. Therefore, we should convert from primary energy to electrical energy using various energy conversion devices to supply society. Energy conversion devices such as electrical generators using thermal energy, heat pumps, electrical generators using nuclear power, fuel cells, solar cells, light emitting devices, and batteries allow us to supply electrical power on demand as well as to store energy. The conversion efficiency of these devices is governed not only by thermodynamics but also by many technical limitations. Therefore, understanding the energy conversion devices is of great importance in order to create a sustainable society from the viewpoint of energy supply. Students learn the basics of energy devices including fundamental operating mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages of technology, and state-of-the-art devices through Interdisciplinary Principles of Energy Devices 1 and 2. This course focuses on photoelectric conversion (light energy/electrical energy) and chemical energy/electrical energy. Operating principles and features of fuel cells, solar cells, light emitting devices, and batteries will be explained. Working mechanisms of these energy conversion devices facilitate students’ understanding of photoelectric conversion and electrochemistry as well as related technologies.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1. Explain the basics of fuel cells.
2. Explain the basics of solar cells.
3. Explain the basics of light emitting devices.
4. Explain the basics of batteries.
5. Explain the similarities and differences among these devices.
fuel cells, solar cells, light emitting devices, batteries
|✔ Specialist skills
|✔ Critical thinking skills
|✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills
After the guidance of this course, each device will be explained in one or two classes.
|Outline of energy conversion devices, relationship between theoretical efficiencies, temperature, and materials in fuel cells (Ookayama: Ihara, Suzukakedai: Yamada)
|Explain the outline of energy conversion devices and theoretical efficiencies of fuel cells
|Solar spectrum, Instruction capacity of PV system, Components of PV system, Efficiency of solar cell (Miyajima)
|Explain features of sunlight energy and PV system.
|Operation principle of solar cell, Efficiency limit, silicon solar cell, thin film solar cell (Miyajima)
|Explain the operation principle of solar cell and features of silicon solar cell and thin film solar cell.
|Theoretical electromotive force of fuel cells with different kinds of electrolyte, calculating methods and loss factors of conversion efficiency, solid oxide fuel cells with steam reforming, relationship between theoretical efficiencies, temperature, and materials in fuel cells (Summary) (Ookayama: Ihara, Suzukakedai: Kitamura)
|Explain the basics and principles of fuel cells and theoretical efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells with steam reforming.
|Electrode reactions in various type of fuel cells, energy conversion efficiencies based on LHV and HHV, polymer electrolyte fuel cells and proton conductive membranes (Ookayama: Sasabe, Suzukakedai: Kitamura)
|Explain the types of fuel cells and features of polymer electrolyte fuel cells.
|Basics and applications of various light-emitting devices (lighting, back-lit, liquid crystal display (LCD), Organic light emitting display (OLED), light-emitting diode (LED), laser diode (LD)) (Wada)
|Explain the principles and structures of various light-emitting devices (lighting, back-lit, liquid crystal display (LCD), Organic light emitting display (OLED), light-emitting diode (LED), laser diode (LD)).
|Basics of rechargeable batteries (electrochemical reactions, types, applications) (Ookayama: Hirayama, Suzukakedai: Kanno)
|Explain the features of various rechargeable batteries and their applications in practical use.
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
There is no textbook. Materials will be distributed as needed.
Reference books will be shown if needed.
Evaluation will be based on the quiz which is assigned during class and so on.