There are various types of energy such as heat, chemical, mechanical, electrical and nuclear energy and so on, but we need electrical and mechanical power for our convenient daily life. These power do not exist in environment as a natural resource, we should convert from primary energy resources into these power on demand. Energy conversion devices such as electrical generator, heat engine, heat pump, nuclear power, fuel cell, solar cell, light emitting devices, and battery allow us to supply power on demand as well as to store energy. The conversion efficiency of these devices is governed not only by thermodynamics but also by many technical reasons. Therefore, understandings of the energy conversion devices are of great importance in order to realize a sustainable society from a view point of energy supply. Students in the Energy Course learn the basics of the energy devices including fundamental working mechanism, advantage and disadvantage of technology, and state-of-art- devices through Interdisciplinary Principles of Energy Devices 1 and 2.
This course focuses on energy conversion devices using mechanical motion and heat. Operation principles and features of electrical generator, heat engine, heat pump technology, and nuclear power generation will be explained. Ingenious working mechanisms of these energy conversion devices facilitate students’ understanding on the thermodynamics as well as related technologies.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1. Explain the basics of electric generators.
2. Explain the basics of heat engines.
3. Explain the basics of heat pump technology.
4. Explain the basics of nuclear power.
5. Explain the working mechanism and restriction of the energy conversion devices from a view point of the thermodynamics.
electrical generators, heat engine, heat pump, nuclear power
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
After the guidance of this lecture, each device will be explained in one or two classes.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Perspective of energy conversion of thermal energy from the view point of the second law of thermodynamics. Cascade utilization of thermal energy. (Prof. T. Suekane)||Explain the relationship between energy conversion and the second law of thermodynamics.|
|Class 2||Basics of electrical generators (Prof. H. Fujita, Prof. Y. Okuno)||Explain and understand the basics of electrical generators.|
|Class 3||Applications of electrical generators (Prof. H. Fujita, Prof. Y. Okuno)||Explain and understand the application of electrical generators.|
|Class 4||Basics of idealized air cycles including gas turbine (Brayton), Diesel, Otto, and Starling cycle. (Prof. K. Hanamura, T. Suekane)||Explain the operating principle of Brayton cycle and its role in energy conversion.|
|Class 5||Basics of Rankine cycle (steam engine) utilizing phase change. (Prof. K. Hanamura, T. Suekane)||Explain the operating principle of Rankine cycle and the concept of cascade utilization of energy.|
|Class 6||Basics of nuclear power (Assoc. Prof. S. Mori): Current status of nuclear power reactor, Fission reaction and energy, Structure and safety device of light water reactor, Nuclear fuel cycle and next generation reactor.||Explain the basics of nuclear power reactor, nuclear fuel cycle, and next generation reactor.|
|Class 7||Basics and application of heat pump technology (Assoc. Prof. S. Okawa, Assoc. Prof. T. Nagasaki): Inverse Carnot Cycle and Coefficient of performance, Type of heat pump and its application, Advance in technology of compression type of heat pump, History of refrigerant.||Explain the basics of the type of heat pump and its structure, a principle and its technological evolution.|
|Class 8||Summary of this lecture (Assoc. Prof. S. Okawa, Assoc. Prof. T. Nagasaki, Assoc. Prof. M. Hagiwara)||Explain the important points of each topic.|
There is no textbook. Reading materials will be distributed if needed.
Reference books will be shown if needed.
Evaluation will be based on the term end examination and the quiz which is assigned during the classes.