Inorganic solid chemistry is a science in which the research aiming at examining the structure of the synthesized solids, together with their application, is systematically organized from the standpoint of chemistry. In order to freely design and synthesize inorganic solid substances possessing a variety of characteristics, including magnetism, ion- and electron conductivity, superconductivity and optical properties, it is very important to understand the relationship between chemical bonding and crystal structure, as well as the physical properties of the substance. In this course, after first presenting the way of thinking to discuss the physical properties on the basis of chemical bonding and crystal structures, we will examine the methods of description and detection of a crystalline structure on a variety of scales needed for material design, and the methods of material synthesis. Handling will concentrate on crystalline substances, also for application and development in the field of energy conversion and storage materials, sometimes touching upon the latest topics. In the second half, we will deal with the electrical properties, magnetic properties, and energy conversion and storage properties from the point of view of material design.
The goal is to learn the concepts and knowledge on materials science required at a time of expansion of inorganic solid materials mainly towards materials for energy conversion and storage. In this course, at the same time of recognizing the importance of the various methods of describing a crystalline structure, the practical use will be highlighted in favor of material design. Students will comprehend the associated electrical properties, magnetic properties, and energy conversion/storage to facilitate the understanding based on the correlation of chemical bonding and crystalline structure.
Inorganic solid-state chemistry, crystal structure, structure determination, physical properties of inorganic materials, energy conversion materials
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Individual topics will be lectured with slides and crystal structure models.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||General comments for energy materials, Crystal structure (symmetry and space group)||Explain basic concepts of inorganic materials for energy devices and basics for describing crystal structures|
|Class 2||Crystal structure (description and some important structure types)||Explain crystal structures in different manners and characterize various-type crystal structures|
|Class 3||Crystal structure - crystallography and diffraction techniques||Explain how to identify crytalline phases and determine crystal structures|
|Class 4||Crystal structure - structural analyses from macro to nano scales||Explain principles and characteristics of structural analyses|
|Class 5||Crystal defects and non-stoichiometry||Explain how to describe imperfect crystals|
|Class 6||Solid solutions and phase diagrams||Explain ideas of materials synthesis based on phase diagrams|
|Class 7||Synthesis methods for inorganic solids||Explain important techniques for inorganic solids|
|Class 8||Electrical properties (electronic conductors)||Explain the mechanisms of electronic conduction in inorganic solids|
|Class 9||Electrical properties (ionic conductors and dielectrics)||Explain the mechanisms of ionic conduction in inorganic solids|
|Class 10||Magnetic properties||Explain structual features of magnetic materials|
|Class 11||Optical properties||Explain absorption, reflection, and scattering in inorganic solids|
|Class 12||Conversion of electrical and chemical energies||Explain energy conversion with mixed ionic/electronic conductors|
|Class 13||Applications to electrochemical energy devices (rechargeable batteries)||Explain concepts and directions of materials research for rechargeable batteries|
|Class 14||Applications to electrochemical energy devices (fuel cells and capacitors)||Explain concepts and directions of materials research for fuel cells and capacitors|
|Class 15||Practice problems and interpretation for confirming the level of understanding||Solve practice problems by understanding of the above all lectures.|
Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications 2nd edition (A. R. West / Wiley)
Students' knowledge and their ability to apply them to problems will be assessed from reports (50%) and final exam (50%).
Wednesday (Contact by e-mail in advance to schedule an appointment.)