In odd classes, Prof. Yashima reviews the fluorite-type and perovskite-type structures at an atomic scale, phase diagrams and thermodynamics of inorganic materials. You can learn the electrical conductivity and ionic conductivity of ceramic materials, which are important for clean energy and environments. Through the lecture of Prof. Yashima, the students are able to understand the crystal structure, thermodynamics and properties of ceramic materials and to design the ceramic materials.
In even classes, Prof. Komatsu reviews the nature of solid surface. Topics include the preparation, characterization and catalytic properties of nano-particles of pure metals and intermetallic compounds.
Emphasis is placed on quantitative description of catalysis.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Explain the definition, crystal structure, chemical bonding, phase diagram and thermodynamics of ceramic materials.
2) Explain the properties of ceramic materials and discuss the structure-property correlation.
3) Design the ceramic materials.
4) Obtain the number of surface atoms and catalytically active sites of a metal nano-particle.
5) Explain quantitatively adsorption and reaction on the solid surface.
6) Understand the preparation and characterization of metal and intermetallic nano-particles.
ceramics, crystal structure, chemical bonding, phase diagram, thermodynamics, electrical properties, ionic conduction, ceramic materials for energy and environments, mechanical properties, materials for battery, photocatalysts, dielectric materials
alloy, intermetallic compound, surface, dispersion, adsorption, catalysis, nano-particle
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
(Yashima) Lecture is performed with slides. The students need to download the pdf files of the slides and text, to print out them, and to learn them before each lecture. Group-discussion is done and the quiz is given.
(Komatsu) Lecture is given with slides. Attendance is taken in every class. Students are sometimes given exercise and some of them are asked to explain their answer.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||What are the inorganic (ceramic) materials?||Explain what are the inorganic materials.|
|Class 2||Adsorption and desorption on solid surface. Chemisorption, rate of adsorption, isotherm||Derivation of adsorption isotherm|
|Class 3||Crystal structure, ionic radius and chemical bonding||Understand the crystal structure, ionic radius and chemical bonding|
|Class 4||Catalysis by solid surface Active site, selectivity, life||Understand three functions of catalyst|
|Class 5||Phase diagram and thermodynamics||Understand the phase diagram and thermodynamics|
|Class 6||Reaction catalyzed by solid surface Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism, rate-determining step||Derivation of rate equation for Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism.|
|Class 7||Electrical properties||Understand the variety of electrical conduction, band structure, metals and semiconductors.|
|Class 8||Preparation of metal nano-particle Preparation method, structure, number of surface atoms, dispersion||Calculate fraction of surface metal atoms in a particle.|
|Class 9||ionic conduction||Understand the fuel cells and ionic conductors|
|Class 10||Shape-control of metal nano-particle Preparation method, X-ray diffraction, TEM||Understand preparation and characterization of shape-controlled nano-particles.|
|Class 11||Topics of ceramics 1||Understand the lithium-ion batteries, dielectric materials, photocatalysts and mechanical|
|Class 12||Intermetallic compound Structure, phase diagram, specific function||Understand what is intermetallic compound and its specific properties.|
|Class 13||Topics of ceramics 2||Understand the lithium-ion batteries, dielectric materials, photocatalysts and mechanical properties|
|Class 14||Intermetallic nano-particle Preparation method, particle size, characterization||Understand preparation and characterization of intermetallic nano-particles.|
|Class 15||Summary||To understand the chemistry of solids|
(Yashima) Text will be given through the OCWi. "Solid State Chemistry and its Applications", 2nd Ed. by A. R. West, John Wiley & Sons (2014) is recommended.
(Komatsu) None required.
(Yashima) Not required, but you can refer books as T. Kaino and R. Kanno, "Materials Science: Fundamentals and Application", Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co. Ltd., (2008); Peter Atkins, et al. "Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry," Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, (2009); R. J. D. Tilly, Understanding Solids, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2013); T. Sakuma, Ceramic Materials, Kaibundo Co. Ltd., (1990).
(Komatsu) None required.
Students are assessed on their understanding of the definition, crystal structure, ionic radius, chemical bonding, phase diagram, thermodynamics and properties of ceramic materials, and quantitative description of adsorption and catalytic reaction on solid surface, preparation and characterization of metal and intermetallic nano-particles. Course scores are based on midterm and final exams (40% each) and exercise problems and reports (20%).
It is preferable to study "Inorganic Chemistry I" before this class.