2016 Chemistry of Solids

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Chemistry
Instructor(s)
Komatsu Takayuki  Yashima Masatomo 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue7-8(H116)  Fri7-8(H116)  
Group
-
Course number
CHM.B335
Credits
2
Academic year
2016
Offered quarter
2Q
Syllabus updated
2016/4/28
Lecture notes updated
2016/7/21
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

In odd classes, Prof. Yashima reviews the fluorite-type and perovskite-type structures at an atomic scale, phase diagrams and thermodynamics of inorganic materials. You can learn the electrical conductivity and ionic conductivity of ceramic materials, which are important for clean energy and environments. Through the lecture of Prof. Yashima, the students are able to understand the crystal structure, thermodynamics and properties of ceramic materials and to design the ceramic materials.
In even classes, Prof. Komatsu reviews the nature of solid surface. Topics include the preparation, characterization and catalytic properties of nano-particles of pure metals and intermetallic compounds.
Emphasis is placed on quantitative description of catalysis.

Student learning outcomes

 At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Explain the definition, crystal structure, chemical bonding, phase diagram and thermodynamics of ceramic materials.
2) Explain the properties of ceramic materials and discuss the structure-property correlation.
3) Design the ceramic materials.
4) Obtain the number of surface atoms and catalytically active sites of a metal nano-particle.
5) Explain quantitatively adsorption and reaction on the solid surface.
6) Understand the preparation and characterization of metal and intermetallic nano-particles.

Keywords

ceramics, crystal structure, chemical bonding, phase diagram, thermodynamics, electrical properties, ionic conduction, ceramic materials for energy and environments, mechanical properties, materials for battery, photocatalysts, dielectric materials
alloy, intermetallic compound, surface, dispersion, adsorption, catalysis, nano-particle

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - -

Class flow

(Yashima) Lecture is performed with slides. The students need to download the pdf files of the slides and text, to print out them, and to learn them before each lecture. Group-discussion is done and the quiz is given.
(Komatsu) Lecture is given with slides. Attendance is taken in every class. Students are sometimes given exercise and some of them are asked to explain their answer.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 What are the inorganic (ceramic) materials? Explain what are the inorganic materials.
Class 2 Adsorption and desorption on solid surface. Chemisorption, rate of adsorption, isotherm Derivation of adsorption isotherm
Class 3 Crystal structure, ionic radius and chemical bonding Understand the crystal structure, ionic radius and chemical bonding
Class 4 Catalysis by solid surface Active site, selectivity, life Understand three functions of catalyst
Class 5 Phase diagram and thermodynamics Understand the phase diagram and thermodynamics
Class 6 Reaction catalyzed by solid surface Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism, rate-determining step Derivation of rate equation for Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism.
Class 7 Electrical properties Understand the variety of electrical conduction, band structure, metals and semiconductors.
Class 8 Preparation of metal nano-particle Preparation method, structure, number of surface atoms, dispersion Calculate fraction of surface metal atoms in a particle.
Class 9 ionic conduction Understand the fuel cells and ionic conductors
Class 10 Shape-control of metal nano-particle Preparation method, X-ray diffraction, TEM Understand preparation and characterization of shape-controlled nano-particles.
Class 11 Topics of ceramics 1 Understand the lithium-ion batteries, dielectric materials, photocatalysts and mechanical
Class 12 Intermetallic compound Structure, phase diagram, specific function Understand what is intermetallic compound and its specific properties.
Class 13 Topics of ceramics 2 Understand the lithium-ion batteries, dielectric materials, photocatalysts and mechanical properties
Class 14 Intermetallic nano-particle Preparation method, particle size, characterization Understand preparation and characterization of intermetallic nano-particles.
Class 15 Summary To understand the chemistry of solids

Textbook(s)

(Yashima) Text will be given through the OCWi. "Solid State Chemistry and its Applications", 2nd Ed. by A. R. West, John Wiley & Sons (2014) is recommended.
(Komatsu) None required.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

(Yashima) Not required, but you can refer books as T. Kaino and R. Kanno, "Materials Science: Fundamentals and Application", Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co. Ltd., (2008); Peter Atkins, et al. "Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry," Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, (2009); R. J. D. Tilly, Understanding Solids, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2013); T. Sakuma, Ceramic Materials, Kaibundo Co. Ltd., (1990).
(Komatsu) None required.

Assessment criteria and methods

Students are assessed on their understanding of the definition, crystal structure, ionic radius, chemical bonding, phase diagram, thermodynamics and properties of ceramic materials, and quantitative description of adsorption and catalytic reaction on solid surface, preparation and characterization of metal and intermetallic nano-particles. Course scores are based on midterm and final exams (40% each) and exercise problems and reports (20%).

Related courses

  • CHM.B533 : Catalytic Chemistry on Solid Surface
  • CHM.B333 : Crystal Chemistry
  • ENR.I520 : Advanced Lecture on Crystal Structure and Correlation with Properties of Solids
  • LAS.C101 : Basic Inorganic Chemistry

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

It is preferable to study "Inorganic Chemistry I" before this class.

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