This course teaches solution thermodynamics and chemical equilibria in solutions. We would not know the concentrations of chemical species in solution without chemical analyses. However, we can find out them by calculations if all of the equilibrium relations are quantitatively known.
Gravimetric and volumetric analyses are designed based on solution thermodynamics and equilibria. Although these analytical methods appear classical, some of the advanced technologies strongly rely on these methods that are highly reliable. Solution thermodynamics and chemical equilibria are essential fundamentals of chemistry. What is taught in this course may be considered as simple extensions of what was studied in chemistry classes in high school. The essential nature of the theme treated in this course is, however, conceptual and often difficult to understand. This course facilitates students' ability to understand the concepts of solution equilibria and apply the knowledge studied in the classes to practical systems, including acid rain and effect of carbon dioxide on the concentration level of carbonate in sea water.
By the end of this course, students will:
1) Understand basic solution thermodynamics.
2) Be able to calculate the concentrations of chemical species based on solution equilibria.
3) Be able to explain the principle of titration.
Propagation of error, Solution thermodynamics, Chemical equlibria, Acid and base, Complexation, Redox, Titration
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
1) At the beginning of each class, solutions to homework are reviewed.
2) Students are given exercise problems as homework in each class.
3) Before coming to class, students are required to read the corresponding part of the textbook.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Propagation of error||Understand the content of Chapter 1 in the textbook|
|Class 2||Solution thermodynamics||Understand|
|Class 3||Activity and concentration||Explain ideal solution and real solution systems|
|Class 4||Acids and bases in aqueous solutions||Understand the content of Chapter 3 in the textbook|
|Class 5||Equilibrium of Brønsted acids and bases||Understand the content of Chapter 4 in the textbook|
|Class 6||Acid-base titration||Understand the content of Chapters 5 and 6 in the textbook|
|Class 7||pH buffer||Understand the content of Chapter 7 in the textbook|
|Class 8||Test level of understanding with summary of the first part of the course||Test level of understanding and self-evaluate achievement of classes 1-7|
|Class 9||Complexation equilibria||Understand the content of the first part of Chapter 8 in the textbook|
|Class 10||Complicated complexation equilibria||Understand the content concerning complexation in Chapter 10 in the textbook|
|Class 11||Chelate titration||Understand the content concerning chelate titration in Chapter 8 in the textbook|
|Class 12||Precipitation equilibria||Understand the content of Chapter 9 in the textbook|
|Class 13||Effects of various equilibria in solution on precipitation||Understand the content concerning precipitation equilibria in Chapter 10 in the textbook|
|Class 14||Redox equilibria||Understand the content of Chapter 11 in the textbook|
|Class 15||Complicated redox systems||Understand the content of Chapter12 in the textbook|
Okada, Tetsuo et al. Fundamentals in Analytical Chemistry -Quantitative Approach-. Kagaku Dojin ,978-4-7598-1465-1 (Japanese)
1) Harris, D.C. "Quantitative Chemical Analysis", W.H.Freeman and Company (NY) 978-1-4292-1815-3
2) Course materials are provided during class.
Course scores are based on midterm and final exams (90 %) and homework (10 %).
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.