2021 Fundamental Physics Experiments

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Physics
Instructor(s)
Jinnouchi Osamu  Kawai Nobuyuki  Nakamura Takashi  Somiya Kentaro 
Class Format
    
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue5-8(北実験棟7 102,103,104号室)  
Group
-
Course number
PHY.L412
Credits
1
Academic year
2021
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2021/10/4
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

In this course students will work on three basic physics experiments. They will be performed once per two to three weeks, and students will be given a preparation period for each experiment in order to gain an understanding of the experiment details. Teams of two will be created for each experiment, which will be performed in cooperation. After each experiment, each student will create a report to submit.
In experiment A, students will use a spectrometer that functions due to diffractive grating, and a digital camera to measure lights from hydrogen and helium atoms, and the light from surrounding light sources. In experiment B, students will use a NaI scintillator to measure gamma rays. Students will also attempt the simultaneous measurement of 2 gamma rays in a measurement that uses cobalt ray sources. (Exp. C is not carried out in this term: In experiment C students will capture cosmic ray muons which are charged particles, measuring their life. Students will learn calculation methods for the kinematics of three-body decay and the basic coupling constants of weak interaction.) In experiment D, students will carry out the measurement of the temperature dependence of Refractive index of the crystal using Michelson interferometer.
The lecture is partially given in English.

Student learning outcomes

We will run three basic and important physics experiments, and consider the physical laws at play, getting a grasp on physics principles. In experiment A students will observe a light from the Balmer series hydrogen and helium, and compare them with calculations from quantum mechanics.
In experiment B students will use basic gamma ray measurements to understand the interaction between gamma rays and matter.
(In experiment C students will measure the life of cosmic ray muons, finding the fundamental constant of weak interaction. )
In experiment D students will learn the basic of the laser interference and gain the knowledge of the feed-back system.
Students will refine through practice their handling of experimental equipment and data processing technology they learned to use as an undergraduate, and learn central technology that will have applications for master's thesis research.

Keywords

physics experiment, data processing, gamma-ray measurement, cosmic-ray measurement, laser technique, feedback control

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

repeat the procedure three times i.e. preparation, carrying out experiment at Lab, summarizing in report.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Exp1) Spectroscopy of atoms and quantum mechanics  (first half) Learn the image analysis of the digital camera, examine the comparison between the results and the quantum mechanics calculation
Class 2 Exp1) Spectroscopy of atoms and quantum mechanics  (second half) Learn the image analysis of the digital camera, examine the comparison between the results and the quantum mechanics calculation
Class 3 Exp1) Reports (image analysis of the digital camera, comparison with the quantum mechanics calculation, consideration), preparation for the Exp2) Learn the image analysis of the digital camera, examine the comparison between the results and the quantum mechanics calculation
Class 4 Exp2) Gamma-ray measurements using NaI scintillators (first half) Learn the energy spectrum analyses, and the coincidental measurement techniques
Class 5 Exp2) Gamma-ray measurements using NaI scintillators (second half) Learn the energy spectrum analyses, and the coincidental measurement techniques
Class 6 Exp2) Reports (energy spectrum analysis, coincidental measurement technique), preparation for the Exp3) Learn the energy spectrum analyses, and the coincidental measurement techniques
Class 7 Exp3) Experiment using Michelson interferometer (first half) Calibration, and control of the Michelson interferometer
Class 8 Exp3) Experiment using Michelson interferometer (second half), Reports (obtain the open-loop gain, the temperature dependence of the Refractive of sapphire crystal) Measurement of the open-loop gain, measurement of the temperature dependence of the Refractive of sapphire crystal

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend a certain length of time outside of class on preparation and review (including for assignments), as specified by the Tokyo Institute of Technology Rules on Undergraduate Learning (東京工業大学学修規程) and the Tokyo Institute of Technology Rules on Graduate Learning (東京工業大学大学院学修規程), for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.

Textbook(s)

The textbook will be handed out, which includes the experimental procedure, the exercises for the reports.
The attendants are required to read through it before each experiment.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

"Jikken no saho to anzen", publisher : Yoshioka-shoten, author : Koji Nakai

Assessment criteria and methods

based on the three reports handed in after carrying out the experiments

Related courses

  • PHY.L202 : Experiments in Physics A
  • PHY.L203 : Experiments in Physics B
  • PHY.L201 : Experimental Physics
  • ZUB.L240 : Experimental Physics II

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No condition applied (recommended also for the students in the theory groups)

Other

For FY2021, the experiments are conducted with taking a full countermeasure for the Covid-19.

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