This course provides a comprehensive view of the central concepts of following topics in physics; quantum theory of electrical conduction in metallic systems, semiconductor properties, electron spin and magnetism, superconductivity, and its development into atomic-layer materials and topological materials.
Students will learn about novel phenomena that occur in a wide variety of materials and the basic physical concepts behind these phenomena.
Condensed matter physics deals with the various physical properties of condensed phases of matter. The goal of this course is to provide students understanding of basic concepts of several hot and important aspects of modern condensed matter physics.
metals, semiconductors, magnetism, superconductivity, atomic-layer materials, and topological materials.
✔ Specialist skills | Intercultural skills | Communication skills | Critical thinking skills | ✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills |
We will discuss the subjects listed below.
Course schedule | Required learning | |
---|---|---|
Class 1 | Group velocity, Effective mass, Hole | Students must understand relation between electron motion in solids and band structure. |
Class 2 | Drude model, Boltzmann equation | Understand basic formulation of electric conduction. |
Class 3 | Bloch-Grüneisen formula, Matthiesen rule | Understand factors determining electric conduction in metals. |
Class 4 | Hall effect, Thermoelectric effect, Wiedemann-Franz law | Understand electric conduction in a magnetic field or temperature difference. |
Class 5 | Band structure of semiconductors | Understand band structure of semiconductors. |
Class 6 | Intrinsic semiconductors, Extrinsic semiconductors | Understand factors determining electric conduction in semiconductors. |
Class 7 | p-n junctions, Heterostructures | Understand electric conduction in junctions between different materials. |
Class 8 | Various magnetic properties | Understand the basic characteristics of various magnetic properties and their origins. |
Class 9 | Electron spin, Magnetic moment, Hund's rule | Understand the magnetic moment due to electron spins and orbitals, which is the origin of magnetism, and Hund's rule. |
Class 10 | Exchange interaction and ferromagnetism | Understand exchange interactions as the origin of ferromagnetism. |
Class 11 | Superconductivity properties | Understand the basic properties of superconductivity. |
Class 12 | Theory of superconductivity | Understand the basics of Ginzburg-Landau and BCS theories describing superconductivity. |
Class 13 | Josephson effect and superconductivity applications | Understand the Josephson effect and its applications. |
Class 14 | Atomic-layer materials and topological materials | Understand atomic-layer materials and topological materials, especially their characteristic surface states and electrical and magnetic conduction. |
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Course materials are provided during class.
Japanese text book is recommended as written above.
〔Uchida〕： H. Ibach and H. Luth, Solid-State Physics: An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science, Springer (2009).
Students' course scores are mainly based on final exam or final report.
Students must have successfully completed PHY.C340, ZUB.Q204, and ZUB.S205.