This course focuses on fundamental laws of electromagnetisms for electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic phenomena in materials. The topics of this course includes electrostatic induction and screening effects in conductors, classical transport theory, Hall effect, thermoelectric effect, fundamental laws for dielectric materials, paraelectric and ferroelectric materials, fundamental laws for magnetic materials, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials, fundamental properties of diamagnetic materials, characteristics of superconductors, Maxwell equations and electromagnetic waves in materials, and so on. Some exercises will be provided for each section. Physics provides essential knowledge on natural behavior around us as well as advanced technologies. Electromagnetism in materials, which is covered in this course, allows us to understand electric, magnetic, and optical characteristics in various physical phenomena in detail. Moreover, fundamental laws in electric, magnetic, and optical properties are essential in advanced studies as well as advanced researches.
At the end of this course, students will be able to: - Understand transport and thermoelectric characteristics of conductors - Understand fundamental laws and basic characteristics of dielectric and magnetic materials - Understand electromagnetic wave in materials in terms of Maxwell equations.
Electron transport, thermoelectric effects, dielectric, magnetic material, Maxwell equations, electromagnetic wave
|✔ Specialist skills
|Critical thinking skills
|✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills
Sufficient understanding will be reached by providing lectures, some practices, and exercises for each section. Lectures are given to provides some relationships to physical phenomena that can be seen around us and advanced technologies. The course consists of lectures on Tuesday and Friday, and exercises on Friday.
|The objective and overview of the course, as well as review of electromagnetism in vacuum.
|exercises on electromagnetism in vacuum (subject to change)
|Electrical conductor and insulator (dielectric). Electric field and electric induction in conductors
|exercises on electric field around conductors (subject to change)
|Electrostatic screening in conductors. Electron transport in materials.
|exercises on electron transport in materials (subject to change)
|Hall effect and thermoelectric effects (Peltier effect, Seebeck effect, and Thomson effect).
|exercises on Hall effect and thermoelectric effects (subject to change)
|Fundamentals of dielectrics (electric dipole, electric polarization, electric susceptibility, and paraelectric and ferroelectric materials)
|exercises on fundamentals of dielectrics (subject to change)
|Electric field in dielectric (polarization field, polarization charge, true electric charge, depolarization field, local electric field)
|exercises on properties of dielectric materials (subject to change)
|Gauss’ law for dielectric, electric field around a boundary of dielectrics.
|exercises on Gauss' law for dielectrics (subject to change)
|Energy in dielectric. Response of dielectric for quasi-stationary electric field.
|exercises on dielectric response(subject to change)
|Fundamentals of magnetic materials (magnetic moment, magnetic field, magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, and paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials)
|exercises on fundamentals of magnetic materials (subject to change)
|Magnetic field in magnetic materials, Gauss’ law for magnetic materials, and Ampere's law.
|exercises on magnetic field in magnetic materials (subject to change)
|Magnetic field around a boundary of magnetic materials. Energy in magnetic materials.
|exercises on magnetic materials (subject to change)
|Microscopic properties of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials
|exercises on paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials (subject to change)
|Diamagnetism and its fundamental laws. Superconductors.
|exercises on diamagnetic materials and superconductors (subject to change)
|Electromagnetic induction in materials. Maxwell-Ampere law.
|exercises on electromagnetic induction in materials (subject to change)
|Maxwell equations and electromagnetic waves in materials. Energy in electromagnetic field. Summary of the lecture.
|exercises on electromagnetic waves in materials (subject to change)
Lecture Note (based on Electromagnetism of Matter written by Masatoshi Nakayama) will be provided
Nakayama, Masatoshi, Electromagnetism of Matter. Tokyo: Iwanami; ISBN-13: 978-4000079242 (Japanese)
final examination and exercises