2016 Advanced topics in Algebra D

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Mathematics
Instructor(s)
Naito Satoshi 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue3-4(H137)  
Group
-
Course number
MTH.A404
Credits
1
Academic year
2016
Offered quarter
4Q
Syllabus updated
2016/12/14
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

The main topics of this course are basic concepts and properties of group representation theory. This course first covers irreducible representation of groups and homomorphic rings, and then Schur's lemma. The instructor then introduces characters for the representation of (finite) groups, explaining the direct relationship between them. The course then covers the description of irreducible decomposition for group rings of finite groups. Finally, the instructor introduces tensor products for (finite) group representation, induced representation, and in connection with those, Frobenius reciprocity. This course is a continuation of "Advanced topics in Algebra C" in the third quarter.
Representation theory for (finite) groups is not just a typical example of the general theory for modules over rings. Its results and methods have broad applications outside of mathematics in physics and chemistry. The objective of this course is for students to become familiar with basic methods of the representation theory of (finite) groups, and to be able to use them correctly.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the notions of irreducible representations of groups and endomorphism algebras of group representations, and make use of Schur's lemma.
2) Explain the definition of group characters, and make use of the orthogonality relations for them correctly.
3) Understand the irreducible decomposition of the group algebra of a finite group.
4) Understand the notions of tensor products and induced representations for group representations, and make use of the Frobenius reciprocity.

Keywords

Schur's lemma, Maschke's theorem, group characters, orthogonality relations for group characters, irreducible decomposition of the group algebra, tensor products of group representations, induced representations, Frobenius reciprocity

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - - -

Class flow

Standard lecture course.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Schur's lemma and Maschke's theorem Details will be provided during each class session
Class 2 Commutant and endomorphism algebras Details will be provided during each class session
Class 3 Characters of group representations Details will be provided during each class session
Class 4 Inner products of characters and orthogonality relations Details will be provided during each class session
Class 5 Irreducible decomposition of the group algebra of a finite group Details will be provided during each class session
Class 6 Tensor products of groups representations Details will be provided during each class session
Class 7 Induced representations Details will be provided during each class session
Class 8 Frobenius reciprocity Details will be provided during each class session

Textbook(s)

Toshiyuki Katsura, Algebra II: Modules over a Ring, Toudaishuppan (Japanese)

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Unspecified.

Assessment criteria and methods

Based on the reports with answers of exercise problems presented in the class.

Related courses

  • MTH.A403 : Advanced topics in Algebra C
  • MTH.A301 : Algebra I
  • MTH.A302 : Algebra II

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

None required.

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